Kristal, E. Thurner, M. Robert eds. Google Scholar Salvatore, R. The novelty was the inclusion of social injustice and the semi-feudal exploitation of Andean Indians as important factors behind their commission of crimes.
Medina, P. Viterbo Editora, The impact of positivist criminology in penal legislation and prison reform would not be felt until later, especially in the s, but public and official discourses on crime, race, sexuality, and related issues were greatly influenced by criminological theories since at least 9.
Once invented, the representation of crime as a social problem was appropriated by different sets of experts and policy-makers of diverse ideological persuasions who, nonetheless, shared the same concerns with moral decay and social disorder and the same disgust for popular forms of socialization.
Google Scholar Wu, N. By the early s, medical rhetoric began to gain predominance among the community of criminologists. Physicians were consulted in cases in which their opinion was considered crucial for elucidating matters related to the crime, the perpetrator, or the victim