Confucianism and legalism similarities

The Master believed that individuals who are guided via edicts and kept on path with the help of punitive action do not develop a sense of shame.

Legalism practices

The harshness of the Legalist Qin would be remembered afterwards, and in response the following dynasty, the Han, distanced itself from Legalism and made its main rival, Confucianism the official philosophy. Confucianism is propounded via rhetoric use of analogy and aphorism, drawn on a time and space related cultural milieu. Benevolence has no place in ruling a state because unless people are ruled by a strong, strict hand, they grow lazy and disrespectful of authority. Confucianism or Legalism? London and New York: Routledge, Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resource Inc. Confucianism propounds that a head, of a family or kingdom, is a mere figurehead. The ruler and his ministers were simply parts of the state machine--a machine which would ideally run so well that no matter how unworthy the ruler was, the laws would still keep the state going. Duyvendak, J. Even so, they all come to be major influences in the different ways of life of the Chinese people, as well as other neighboring areas. The Qin emperor was ruthless in his use of Legalism, punishing even small crimes with decapitation or the loss of a hand or foot. Mark Coyle and Patricia Ebrey. As civilization developed, so did the ideology of philosophy, society, and the world. Where Legalism emphasizes law. Confucians thought the government officials should be well-educated, talented, benevolent, and should live a virtuous life.

Supposedly, this was to give the ruler the opportunity to show benevolence in certain circumstances. However, the presence of the right legal principles throughout the family or empire sustain the nature of the unit, with every subsequent victory.

Confucianism vs daoism vs legalism

This paper will evaluate economic thought during the Warring States Period to the establishment of the Han Dynasty, and how it relates to the ontological question of human nature. The sayings or reasoning are not deductive in nature, nor directed towards convincing the reader. Each has its own meanings; each had its own ways of seeing the nature of human beings, society and the universe. The ruler and his ministers were simply parts of the state machine--a machine which would ideally run so well that no matter how unworthy the ruler was, the laws would still keep the state going. Often viewed as a religion, Confucianism can be understood as a way of thinking or living. Sima Qian did not see the need for extensive government involvement in the economy, especially when the basic economic system was already established. Kenneth J. Wadsworth: Cengage Leanring,

Legalists utilize the state as a means to control human nature, and to prevent human beings from pursuing their own self-interest. In B. In addition, the system of law ran the state, not the ruler. It is a comprehensive guide to ruling directed at kings.

legalism in china

The trend of governmental promotion of these values, and the importance of education with regards to individual moral development in China, Japan, Taiwan, Korea and Vietnam, are products of Confucianism. No one was really sure what the law was, since the ruler could make and change the rules as he saw fit.

What often happened was that they fought against each other for more profits and resources.

Confucianism daoism and legalism worksheets

Others discuss techniques of ruling--"Two Handles" talks about power over reward and punishment as the key to staying in power. B, The people were heavily taxed and forced into labor on major government projects. If humans are rational and capable of learning, then there is no need to worry about merchants. The Book of Lord Shang. However, once it was unified, Li Si and the Qin Emperor overstepped their mandate, and instead of managing anarchy, they created chaos. It cannot be learned or worked at… Human nature refers to what is in people but which they cannot study or work at achieving. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resource Inc.

Confucianism preaches that with the right leadership, people can conduct themselves harmoniously. San Diego: Canterbury Classics, Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resource Inc.

The history of confucianism

This demonstrates that a key understanding and reading of history, including civilizations that may seem unfamiliar, is essential in order to understand the current world. Since the beginning of time there has been great debate among men over which philosophies to live life by. Mencius, Mencius, IV. What often happened was that they fought against each other for more profits and resources. A proper example of this would be the three Chinese philosophies of Confucianism, Legalism and Daoism. When a man who sits back and collects taxes makes twice as much as a farmer and enjoys greater honor than the plowman or the solider, then public-spirited men will grow few and merchants and tradesmen will increase in number. Consequently, the sovereign should show no wavering in bestowing rewards and grant no pardon in administering punishments, and he should add honor to rewards and disgrace to punishments--when this is done, then both the worthy and the unworthy will want to exert themselves

These belief systems all represent a different path of the geographic spreads any belief system could take, despite having originated in the same areas. Where Legalism emphasizes law.

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Ancient China Belief Comparison