Genghis khan and the makings of

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The resulting terror helped color the historical portrayal of the Mongols. Thereafter, China was able to maintain its geographic and political integrity despite the succession of dynasties. This is demonstrated on several occasions. They spread themselves so thinly that their impact was only temporary — if a century or more can be said to be temporary. Again, the general narrative is correct, but finer points are simply wrong. It is a detailed, well-documented, well-researched look at the rise of Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire. The first section after the introduction concerns the rise of Genghis Khan and the unification of Mongolia. It is easy to see why many reviewers and readers have been enthusiastic about it. There is something to be said about Weatherford's view; however the impact of the Mongols on the Renaissance will be discussed more fully in the discussion on section three of the book. While Weatherford's book is filled with inaccuracies it is also rife with unsubstantiated historical speculation. The Mongols of the Golden Horde first moved north towards Novgorod in Russia, then veered sharply south and destroyed Kiev and its Viking civilisation — some say at the behest of the Venetians, who schemed to achieve a monopoly of the slave trade. Yet, the manner in which sources are cited is awkward. While the overall thrust of the book is on target and may promote new discourse on the influence of the Mongols in history, it is undermined by numerous mistakes. Weatherford's book claims that the Mongols sought to increase that wealth by encouraging their subjects to be more productive and enterprising instead of increasing the tax burden on them.

Yet there is no indication of the source in the notes, nor any explanation in the text of why this was so. Instead of using perhaps a chapter to address these differences, Weatherford lards them throughout the introduction and second half.

Despite all of Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World's acclaim, it is very clear that Weatherford is not a historian.

Genghis khan and the making of the modern world pdf

His own immediate family was religiously diverse: besides those who were Shamanists or Buddhists, a significant number were Monophysite Christians and later also Muslim converts. Vast areas of Asia along the silk-road were opened up to international commerce. Horse and bow where the Mongol warriors' strength — and it the end their weakness. During his research on the Silk Road he traveled to Mongolia and read about the accomplishments of the Mongols. The western world, saturated in media distortion and a reluctance to accept changes in perceptions of history, has been rather averse in accepting Genghis Khan's activities as pivotal in world history and the shaping of the modern world. His life and character were shaped by rugged landscape on the Mongolian steppe. First in history to decree compete religious freedom for everyone in the empire.

He also granted religious free Genghis Khan and his Mongol Horde were good news for the world. The book is organized into an introduction, and then three sections of the text itself, and concluding with an epilogue, notes, glossary, and bibliography.

He would take the harsh lessons he learned from an early age to unite warring tribes on the steppe and inspire a deep loyalty in his people.

Under his administration, all religious leaders were exempt from taxation, and from public service.

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There are two general comments before discussing the actual content of the book. One could make the argument that the Renaissance would not have happened without the Crusades or the rise of the Jin Dynasty in Northern China. An example of this concerns the last ruler of the unified Mongol Empire, Mongke. The army and its horses spread across the plains for forage and sustenance, thus obviating for the need for supply lines — yet a sophisticated communication system based on melodies to ensure accurate memorisation allowed the scattered troops to regroup at short notice and to remain in touch with the distant leadership. This is incorrect as the Seljuks no longer existed. The errors are almost forgivable considering how well it is written. Paper money had been introduced from China and backed with the plunder of war. Previous dynasties had tried to unite Chinese states, but Khubilai was the first one to pull it off. Weatherford instead attributes this practice to Tamerlane who falsely according to Weatherford claimed descent from Genghis Khan, but who was really more a Turk than a Mongol. When traditional Mongol weapons and tactics no longer were effective when attacking cities, Genghis Khan made changes; he adopted large weapons from the Persian, Chinese, and Arabs and developed new strategies. His point, I suspect, is to correct many misconceptions that, over nearly a millennium, have been built up in the West about Genghis Khan and the Mongols. Those blood-thirsty brutish sods so close to animals that we named a major genetic deficiency after them? It took off from Khubilai's summer residence at Xanadu and followed the Mongol trade routes to sow death across the continent.

The Mongols' was the first modern army. In this instance, he is correct as Genghis or more properly, Chinggis comes from the middle Mongolian "ching"; Weatherford uses the modern Mongolian equivalent, "chin. Weatherford also confuses the horses of the Rus' with the large warhorses used by knights in Western Europe pp.

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Weatherford speaks glowingly of Shangdu, the capital city of Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan and one of his successors. While Akbar and the other Moghul rulers certainly did use many of the practices of the Mongol Empire, one should not confuse the religious policies of the Mongols with a higher goal of religious unity and toleration on philosophic ideals.

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Genghis Khan and the Making of The Modern World, by Jack Weatherford ()