How many citations to use in a research paper

Harvard College Writing Program. The rule is simple: Cite only texts you have actually used and would have found in the normal course of your research, not obscure texts used by someone else or works you know about only secondhand.

Too many citations in research paper

Li, X. In the social sciences, the rationale in duplicating prior research is generally governed by the passage of time, changing circumstances or conditions, or the introduction of new variables that necessitate a new investigation. Martin's Press, ; Mills, Elizabeth Shown. Biochemistry, genetics and molecular and other biological sciences averaged at Citation Research Guides. The text is the main event. You can acknowledge the other research by writing in the text of your paper something like this: [see also Smith, ], then citing the complete source in your list of references. It prevents readers from concluding that you ignored or dismissed the findings of others, even if they are disputed. After the first quotation, you can tell your readers that you are translating all quotes yourself. If there are two authors, separate their names with "and". A citation style dictates the information necessary for a citation and how the information is ordered, as well as punctuation and other formatting. Libraries use these formats to save money and storage space for large document collections.

Hard and natural sciences more frequently cited recent literature while social sciences and math were likely to include older sources. If the author's name was just mentioned in the text, it is not necessary to repeat it in the citation.

how many references for a 10000 word dissertation

Electronic style: A guide to citing electronic information. The text is the main event.

How old should references be for a research paper

Volume, number, and page numbers Give the volume number in italics, followed by the issue number in parentheses if there is an issue number , and the page number s. Just another tool of your trade. There will be time enough to footnote them when you start discussing the politics of the Continental Congress. Citation Research Guides. Doing so means you have to renumber all the references whenever you insert a new reference. Do I need to mention any of them in my citations? But, at least for longer papers and hotly debated topics, you need to show that you have read different views, wrestled with varied ideas, and responded to the most important points. Academic Skills Centre. In most social sciences disciplines, one of the most effective strategies for locating authoritative, relevant sources about a topic is to follow footnotes or references from known sources ["citation tracking"]. They are problems with the text that become apparent by looking at the bibliography.

Whether you summarize, paraphrase, or use direct quotes, if it's not your original idea, the source must be acknowledged. While rare, they may have specific limits. For example: Walters, R.

How many citations to use in a research paper

Whatever your field, you should rely on the best works and make sure they have not been superseded by newer, better research. The general form of citations in the body of the text is to include the author and date in parentheses as above and optionally include the page number s after the date. Take Francis Robinson, ed. It should be an original work that stands on its own. For articles, drop the journal title and volume. Note that some disciplines have their own citation method [e. Cite anything you rely on for data or authoritative opinions. Pretty much. Yale College Writing Center. With that said, we provide the above information to provide a rough estimate.

Time,pp. Do not use footnotes in this class for citations.

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Term Paper: Format of Citations and References