Purpose of international economics theories
It makes extensive use of econometrics to identify from the available statistics, the contribution of particular factors among the many different factors that affect trade.
Her research interests include international trade, monetary theory and policy, and the history of economic thought. These strategies attempt to correct any inefficiency in the international market.
When there is free trade, why do some countries remain poor at the expense of others?
International economics notes
With the advent of globalization, there is a rapid increase in the free flow of goods and services, capital, labor and finance between nations. The Swedish economist Bertil Ohlin, inspired by his professor Eli Heckscher, developed the theory of factor endowments in his treatise, Interregional and International Trade. With the greater supply, the price of each product would decrease, thus giving an advantage to the end consumer as well. The outcome was not what had been expected. His research focuses on international trade policy, market ethics, behavioral economics and more recently, climate change policy. Samuelson's factor price equalisation theorem indicates that, if productivity were the same in both countries, the effect of trade would be to bring about equality in wage rates. Therefore, nothing needs to be done to protect or promote trade and growth, because market forces will do so automatically. In its concluding stages, interest rates, wage rates and corporate and income tax rates would become the same everywhere, driven to equality by competition, as investors, wage earners and corporate and personal taxpayers threatened to migrate in search of better terms. Influential studies published in by the Argentine economist Raul Prebisch  and the British economist Hans Singer  suggested that there is a tendency for the prices of agricultural products to fall relative to the prices of manufactured goods; turning the terms of trade against the developing countries and producing an unintended transfer of wealth from them to the developed countries. Since its exposition by David Ricardo  the techniques of neo-classical economics have been applied to it to model the patterns of trade that would result from various postulated sources of comparative advantage. Some governments have abandoned their national currencies in favour of the common currency of a currency area such as the "eurozone" and some, such as Denmark, have retained their national currencies but have pegged them at a fixed rate to an adjacent common currency. The IMF was set up in to encourage international cooperation on monetary matters, to stabilise exchange rates and create an international payments system.
This situation can occur when time is needed either to achieve potential economies of scaleor to acquire potential learning curve economies.
Empirical research confirms that the greater the trade linkage between countries the more coordinated are their business cycles. These two parts are discussed as follows: a Theoretical International Economics: Deals with the explanation of international economic transactions as they take place in the institutional environment.
Other Possible Benefits of Trading Globally International trade not only results in increased efficiency but also allows countries to participate in a global economy, encouraging the opportunity for foreign direct investment FDIwhich is the amount of money that individuals invest into foreign companies and assets.
Compare Investment Accounts. The branch of trade theory which is conventionally categorized as "classical" consists mainly of the application of deductive logic, originating with Ricardo's Theory of Comparative Advantage and developing into a range of theorems that depend for their practical value upon the realism of their postulates.
However, this is often not a long-term solution to a trade problem.
based on 79 review