Romantic period summary
The piano was given a metal frame, old violins were reworked for greater strength of tone, the keywork of the woodwind instruments was redesigned, and valves were added to brass instruments.
Introduction of romantic age
Biographia Literaria , an account of his own development, combined philosophy and literary criticism in a new way and made an enduring and important contribution to literary theory. To the classical symphony, concerto, and sonata, new musical forms were added. The major writers of the second romantic generation were primarily poets; they produced little prose, outside of their letters. For instance, Romantic painting is always associated with Eugene Delacroix, who prized the emotional impact of color over the representational accuracy of line and careful design. Charlotte Smith was not the only significant woman poet in this period. But this "miracle of science," far from a simple story of man mastering nature through reason, ends up having monstrous results. Wordsworth, who lived in France in —92 and fathered an illegitimate child there, was distressed when, soon after his return, Britain declared war on the republic, dividing his allegiance. Among the major influences from the native thinkers like Edmund Burk and William Godwin whose A Vindication of Natural Society and Enquiry Concerning Political Justice respectively were largely responsible for the anarchic ideas in the social and political outlook of the Romantic poets , particularly in the poetry of Shelley and Byron. William Blake had been dissatisfied since boyhood with the current state of poetry and what he considered the irreligious drabness of contemporary thought.
Looking wistfully back to the Middle Ages, the Romantic influence led to a Gothic Revival in architecture in the s. Commentary Romanticism can be construed as an opposite to "classicism," drawing on Rousseau's notion of the goodness of the natural.
Characteristics of the romantic period
In music such works from after about are referred to by some writers as "Late Romantic" and by others as "Neoromantic" or "Postromantic", but other fields do not usually use these terms; in English literature and painting the convenient term "Victorian" avoids having to characterise the period further. The ideas of these Burk, Godwin social, political philosophers encouraged some of the most important characteristics of romantic literature in England. Start Your Free Trial Today The second phase of Romanticism, comprising the period from about to the s, was marked by a quickening of cultural nationalism and a new attention to national origins, as attested by the collection and imitation of native folklore , folk ballads and poetry, folk dance and music, and even previously ignored medieval and Renaissance works. He shows considerable narrative gifts in his collections of verse tales in which he anticipates many short-story techniques and great powers of description. Smith in his Words and Idioms, connoted "false and fictitious beings and feelings, without real existence in fact or in human nature"; it also suggested "old castles, mountains and forests, pastoral plains, waste and solitary places" and a "love for wild nature, for mountains and moors. These artists favoured themes that were bizarre, pathetic, or extravagantly heroic, and they defined their images with tensely linear drawing and bold contrasts of light and shade. Samuel Taylor Coleridge saw the imagination as the supreme poetic quality, a quasi-divine creative force that made the poet a godlike being. Kubla Khan Poem Summary The entire stream of romantic poetry between William Blake and John Keats gives expression to the philosophy of idealism manifesting showing various aspects sides of individualism, spiritualism, and organism.
However, some important trends include an emphasis on creative expression over careful formal design, a preference for extraordinary for exotic subjects, an interest in bridging the boundaries between art forms, and an emphasis on originality rather than tradition.
Major Developments Particularly in German speaking Europe, a continuation of the symphony, chamber music, and solo sonatas for piano, violin, and other instruments. The revived historical appreciation was translated into imaginative writing by Sir Walter Scottwho is often considered to have invented the historical novel.
In Germany, especially, the word was used in strong opposition to the term classical.
Romantic period summary
It is misleading to read the poetry of the first Romantics as if it had been written primarily to express their feelings. Wordsworth, the great champion of the spiritual and moral values of physical nature, tried to show the natural dignity, goodness, and the worth of the common man. Abrams placed it between , or , this latter a very typical view, and about , perhaps a little later than some other critics. Although we now know the Romantic period as an age of poetry, the prose essay, the drama and the novel flourished during this epoch. The French had their Romantics too, though not in the same profusion as Germany. The application of the term to literature first became common in Germany, where the circle around the Schlegel brothers, critics August and Friedrich , began to speak of romantische Poesie "romantic poetry" in the s, contrasting it with "classic" but in terms of spirit rather than merely dating. Hegel's work increased the emphasis people put on historical studies, and German history writing boomed. He is particularly famous for outlining a concept of the dialectic: the mind makes progress by creating opposites, which are then combined in a synthesis. In this story, a scientist is able to master life, animating an artificially constructed person. Turner and John Constable.
Yet educated women were targets of masculine scorn, and the radical feminism of a figure like Mary Wollstonecraft remained exceptional. Another admired poet of the day was Thomas Moorewhose Irish Melodies began to appear in Sir Walter Scottby contrast, was thought of as a major poet for his vigorous and evocative verse narratives The Lay of the Last Minstrel and Marmion The reaction to the standard literary practice and critical norms of the eighteenth century occurred in many areas and in varying degrees.
The French had their Romantics too, though not in the same profusion as Germany.
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